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Paving Instructions

INSTALLATION

Getting ready to Lay your Paving

GROUND PREPARATION;
Preparing the ground for paving depends on the site conditions and the intended use of the paved area. If your ground is firm, you probably only need to remove turf and topsoil to a depth to accommodate 30-40mm for the slab and mortar thickness.
If the topsoil is wet or spongy you need to dig deeper to put in a stabilising layer (approx. 100mm) of well compacted hardcore (Crushed stone/804) allowing 30-40mm for the slab and mortar thickness. In reality few areas are already level enough for immediate paving, so some areas need to be excavated whilst others need to be made up with compacted hardcore. The use of hardcore helps ensure adequate site drainage, which is a prerequisite for paved areas.

We would recommend that you use a 25-35mm semi dry sand and cement mix, on compacted hardcore.

Selected Natural Stone













WHICH WAY UP?
There seems to be some confusion about the way you lay Natural Stone.





On quarried stone, other than the sawn or textured products, the top surface can be less obvious to those not familiar with paving stone, as both top and underside are equally clean and equally riven. Thankfully, there are a couple of pretty obvious visual clues that help distinguish just which is the right way up.
Firstly, the top surface should always have neat, square edges. These are usually hand-trimmed, and are known as 'fettled', which refers to the slightly-less-than-perfect nature of the edges, emphasising the natural origin of the stone and distinguishing it from the dead-straight, machine cut or moulded accuracy of manufactured products. Conversely, the underside has untidy, poorly-defined edge.
Secondly, the sides of the flags are usually tapered inwards, so that the top surface of the flag is slightly larger than the underside. This helps ensure accurate fitting, allowing joints to be maintained at a standard width, and also ensures that any mortar jointing is firmly held in place.

Once the top surface has been identified, laying can proceed. When working with modular paving, the usefulness of a plan cannot be over-emphasised: it saves an enormous amount of head-scratching, trying to figure out which flag goes where, and whether it's one of those or one of the others to be laid next, pre-planning is also a good idea when laying in courses, or even to a regular pattern, as it helps the flag-layer identify just where they are up to and may prevent a lot of waste and cutting at edges.
We recommend that whenever laying Natural Stone you should mix your paving from all the different packs (where possible) as you lay patio. This will allow the colours to blend and help to improve any shade variations that may occur between packs.
A spirit level can be used to check for level and alignment. Take care not to stain the surface of the flags with the bedding material - always ensure the 'face' of the mallet is clean.


JOINTING

There are a number of different products that can be used for jointing you patio area – here are 3 options;
1. FUGE Immobest is an easy use jointer that can be used in any weather, this comes in Cream/Black/Grey colours. All you need is a brush and lots of water with this product. HIGHLY RECOMMENDED
2. You can point them with wet mortar. Dye can be added to the mixture to give you red/brown/black colour joint. However this method is time consuming and you have to make sure that you don’t get any of the mortar on the slabs.
3. Silica Sand – This is the cheapest option however it does not go hard in the joints and will have to be re-newed annually.

SEALING

To keep your paving looking new, we recommend sealing it. Sealer stops water from soaking into the stone surface which then turns green and then black if left too long and will also grow moss. You have spent time choosing your paving and spending money putting it down – why not protect your investment??
Clear sealer will not alter the appearance of you paving but will keep it looking like new for many years. Why not contact us and ask about most suitable sealers for your patio.

Details

INSTALLATION Getting ready to Lay your Paving GROUND PREPARATION; Preparing the ground for paving depends on the site conditions and the intended use of the paved area. If your ground is firm, you probably only need to remove turf and topsoil to a depth to accommodate 30-40mm for the slab and mortar thickness. If the topsoil is wet or spongy you need to dig deeper to put in a stabilising layer (approx. 100mm) of well compacted hardcore (Crushed stone/804) allowing 30-40mm for the slab and mortar thickness. In reality few areas are already level enough for immediate paving, so some areas need to be excavated whilst others need to be made up with compacted hardcore. The use of hardcore helps ensure adequate site drainage, which is a prerequisite for paved areas. We would recommend that you use a 25-35mm semi dry sand and cement mix, on compacted hardcore. Selected Natural Stone WHICH WAY UP? There seems to be some confusion about the way you lay Natural Stone. On quarried stone, other than the sawn or textured products, the top surface can be less obvious to those not familiar with paving stone, as both top and underside are equally clean and equally riven. Thankfully, there are a couple of pretty obvious visual clues that help distinguish just which is the right way up. Firstly, the top surface should always have neat, square edges. These are usually hand-trimmed, and are known as 'fettled', which refers to the slightly-less-than-perfect nature of the edges, emphasising the natural origin of the stone and distinguishing it from the dead-straight, machine cut or moulded accuracy of manufactured products. Conversely, the underside has untidy, poorly-defined edge. Secondly, the sides of the flags are usually tapered inwards, so that the top surface of the flag is slightly larger than the underside. This helps ensure accurate fitting, allowing joints to be maintained at a standard width, and also ensures that any mortar jointing is firmly held in place. Once the top surface has been identified, laying can proceed. When working with modular paving, the usefulness of a plan cannot be over-emphasised: it saves an enormous amount of head-scratching, trying to figure out which flag goes where, and whether it's one of those or one of the others to be laid next, pre-planning is also a good idea when laying in courses, or even to a regular pattern, as it helps the flag-layer identify just where they are up to and may prevent a lot of waste and cutting at edges. We recommend that whenever laying Natural Stone you should mix your paving from all the different packs (where possible) as you lay patio. This will allow the colours to blend and help to improve any shade variations that may occur between packs. A spirit level can be used to check for level and alignment. Take care not to stain the surface of the flags with the bedding material - always ensure the 'face' of the mallet is clean. JOINTING There are a number of different products that can be used for jointing you patio area – here are 3 options; 1. FUGE Immobest is an easy use jointer that can be used in any weather, this comes in Cream/Black/Grey colours. All you need is a brush and lots of water with this product. HIGHLY RECOMMENDED 2. You can point them with wet mortar. Dye can be added to the mixture to give you red/brown/black colour joint. However this method is time consuming and you have to make sure that you don’t get any of the mortar on the slabs. 3. Silica Sand – This is the cheapest option however it does not go hard in the joints and will have to be re-newed annually. SEALING To keep your paving looking new, we recommend sealing it. Sealer stops water from soaking into the stone surface which then turns green and then black if left too long and will also grow moss. You have spent time choosing your paving and spending money putting it down – why not protect your investment?? Clear sealer will not alter the appearance of you paving but will keep it looking like new for many years. Why not contact us and ask about most suitable sealers for your patio.

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